The standard was established by parallel panels of educators and citizens working in English and French. The process was completely comparable in the two languages.
The panels then applied these descriptors in reviewing student test papers to determine which should pass ("complete") and which should not ("incomplete").
The descriptions of student work below were created by the committees; they have not been changed except to correct small mechanical errors. Many of the words and phrases were subject to lengthy discussion and occasionally to votes.
For purposes of sorting student work, the committees also developed a description of work that was "advanced" or well beyond the standard required for a pass. Since the test is reported only as pass/fail, the third category is not required in the reporting process.